What Are the Opportunities and Challenges of Inclusive Education?
Inclusive education searches for ways to design schools, programs, classrooms, and lessons for all children to learn and participate. It includes finding several teaching methods to actively involve the pupils in developing mutual respect, relationships, and friends among them and between teachers and children in a classroom setup.
Children do not need to earn their participation in attending schools and classrooms. They do not have to be ready for education because inclusive education empowers schools to be creative in encouraging all kids to participate. Teachers must be creative in teaching to get every child involved. Inclusive education is a reflection of everyone’s expectation of children’s acceptance and appreciation throughout life.
Principles of Inclusive Education
- All kids can learn.
- They can attend age-appropriate classrooms in their community.
- They can receive a curriculum applicable to their requirements.
- They can gain suitable educational programs.
- They can join in extracurricular and co-curricular activities.
- They can benefit from the collaboration and cooperation of homes, schools, and communities.
Education in Regular Classrooms
Every child must receive education in a regular classroom, but it does not mean that they cannot leave it for some reason. For instance, one kid may undergo one-on-one assistance in a specific subject, and it may occur during regular class hours. Inclusive schools must consider how often a child can be out of the traditional classroom and why. They may not group children with some common characteristics in inclusive classrooms periodically during the school day.
Essential Features of Inclusive Education
According to EssayMama, the success of inclusive education relies on the following practices and features:
- Unconditional acceptance of every child into regular classes and school life
- Providing support to classrooms, teachers, and children to ensure that every pupil participates in their classes and schools
- Recognizing all children by what they can do and not what they cannot do
- Parents and teachers have high expectations of all pupils.
- Development of educational goals according to every child’s abilities
- Designing classes and schools to help students learn and reach their fullest potential
- Possess strong leadership for inclusion from school administrators and principals
- Have knowledgeable teachers on several ways of teaching depending on the various strengths and abilities of children
- Collaboration among parents, teachers, and principals to ascertain methods to provide quality education in an inclusive environment
Opportunities of Inclusive Education
Over the years, inclusive education to all children can offer the following opportunities:
- All children can participate in their community and have a sense of belonging and better prepared for life.
- Children have different abilities; thus, they have varying motivations to learn in classes with their classmates.
- Successful attempts at inclusion can develop the child’s strengths and gifts.
- Children can work on their individual goals as they collaborate with their classmates.
- Inclusive education encourages the parents’ involvement in their children’s education and their school’s activities.
- Promote a culture of belonging and respect and offer a learning opportunity about acceptance of individual differences.
- Supports all students with opportunities in developing friendships that provide growth and role models.
Challenges of Inclusive Education
Any essential education innovations will encounter any challenge. Here are some of them:
Value differences can be varying relationships to the culture. Inclusive education faces value variances, and conflicts can emerge because of integrating disadvantaged children or kids from other races into the traditional school structure.
Discords may also emerge because of the characteristics of inclusive education and can manifest as a result of user readiness. Diversity can arise from introducing inclusive education as an innovation because people may perceive it as a radical change. Educators and parents may hesitate to embrace it.
Challenges can result from the distribution of power and changes in the authority structure, and significant educational reforms can cause an alteration of role relationships. Inclusive education can produce issues if teachers and their assistants or special needs educators cannot agree. Any imbalance in the distribution of responsibility and authority can harm the quality of inclusive education.
Practical barriers can appear in the form of system, resources, and time constraints. They can slow down innovation and become an adverse concern for inclusive education because its design requires time to adapt to the educational system. Inclusive education demands overcoming resource barriers such as curriculum adaptation, teacher training, and teaching materials. The bureaucratic nature of the educational system can be a structural barrier too.
Some individuals can resist change even if it does not challenge their values and cause practical barriers. The resistance comes from a psychological obstacle, which can be problematic because it is abstract and demands professional treatment.
Inclusive education is an efficient way of giving all children a chance to be in a regular classroom to learn and develop their skills. It is a means to generate learning opportunities for students who have been excluded traditionally from the traditional educational system. Moreover, inclusive education values the unique contributions of pupils from all backgrounds to allow several groups to grow together. Progress is slow because inclusive education requires changes to the school system and at all levels of society.
About the Author
Thomas Jackson is a freelance content writer of a uk essay writing service, EssayWritingLab, and cheap dissertation writing services. He is also an active member of New York’s writing clubs. Thomas is a songwriter since his childhood and gathers inspiration from the live concerts he performs for his family and close friends.