Person Centred Planning
What is Person Centred Planning?
Person Centred Planning was first developed in the 1980’s by a small number of people including John O’Brien, Connie Lyle O’Brien, Beth Mount, Jack Pearpoint, Marsha Forest and Michael Smull. It was developed as a way of enabling people – children and adults – to move out of special segregated places schools, hospital and institutionals into mainstream life – schools and communities. Person Centred Planning is built on the values of inclusion and looks at what support a person needs to be included and involved in their community.
Person centred approaches offer an alternative to traditional types of planning which are based upon the medical model of disability and which are set up to assess need, allocate services and make decisions for people. Person centred planning is rooted in the social model and aims to empower people who have traditionally been disempowered by ‘specialist’ or segregated services by handing power and control back to them.
“Person centred planning is a way of organising around one person to define and create a better future”(Pete Richie, 2002)
Person Centred Planning is not one defined process, but a range of processes all sharing the same underpinning values base and goal – to help a person who has been disempowered – for what ever reason – to move toward the life that they want and to get the right support in doing this. Although person centred planning was developed for disabled people it is a tool for everyone.
The book “Person Centred Planning – Research, Practice and Future Directions (2002) by Steve Holburn and Peter Vietze – is also worth reading and has a good chapter person centred planning and organisational change. Very little research has taken place into person centred planning, however vol. 27 number 4 of the TASH journal (2002) was partly devoted to the theme of evaluating Person Centred Planning and contains a strong paper by John O’Brien on the kind of research mindset that he feels will best serve the values of this area of work. Inclusive Solutions began in 2012 on trialling PATH as an alternative to the TAC – Team Around the Child Planning processes.
Valuing People Now
“Person centred planning has been shown to work. The world’s largest study into person centred planning described how it helps people get improvements in important parts of their lives and indicated that this was at no additional cost”. But – “too few people have access to proper person centred planning… In too many local authorities, person centred planning is not at the centre of how things are done. The challenge of the next three years is to take all this innovative work and make sure that more – and eventually all – people have real choice and control over their lives and services”Valuing People Now, Department of Health, December 2007
What do people say about our Person Centred Planning work?
To view a range of people giving feedback about their involvement with Inclusive Solutions and Person centred Planning training and events
Click here to read about Colin and Derek introducing person centred planning and PATH into West Sussex.
What about when there is not enough support to follow the PATH?
Inclusion Facilitation is designed to create a better life for an individual by a series of visits getting them out and about to increase confidence, social skills and presence in his local community and to pursue their goals and dreams.
Inclusion Facilitation aims to:
- To create a better life for the Individual.
- Give Individual and family a clear vision of a good life and to support first steps towards this
- To maximize individuals inclusion and connection with the wider community.
- To help with friendship, social connection and education
- To increase confidence, social skills and presence in his local community and to pursue their goals and dreams.
The facilitator’s aims will be to improve all aspects of the focus person’s life this may include
- Pursuing the dreams and goals of the individual
- Improving social skills
- Being comfortable in social environments
- Developing conversational skills
- Having a positive mindset
- Staying physically active
- Building relationships
- Help in meeting new people
- Create natural circles of support
- Creating a community circle
- Creating business links
- Help with budgeting
- Having positive body language
- Employment of support staff
- Pursuing personal interests
For the last 5 years Inclusive Solutions have been visiting the Czech Republic to offer training on Person Centred Planning. Together we have had some remarkable experiences and there has been some wonderful implementation of this inclusive way of working. This document reveals some of the work and thinking that has occurred.
Click the link below to see Czech Republic Approach to Person Centred Planning
UK Legislation on Person Centred Planning
“The assessment and planning process should:
- focus on the child or young person as an individual
- enable children and young people and their parents to express their views, wishes and feelings
- enable children and young people and their parents to be part of the decision-making process
- be easy for children, young people and their parents or carers to understand, and use clear ordinary language and images rather than professional jargon
- highlight the child or young person’s strengths and capabilities
- enable the child or young person, and those that know them best to say what they have done, what they are interested in and what outcomes they are seeking in the future
- tailor support to the needs of the individual
- organise assessments to minimise demands on families
- bring together relevant professionals to discuss and agree together the overall approach, and
- deliver an outcomes-focused and co-ordinated plan for the child or young person and their parent
This approach is often referred to as a person-centred approach. By using this approach within a family context, professionals and local authorities can ensure that children, young people and parents are involved in all aspects of planning and decision-making.
Types of Planning
MAPS and PATH
MAPS and PATH are creative planning tools that utilise graphic facilitation to collect information and develop positive future plans. MAPS focuses on gathering information for planning – based on the story (history) of a person or organization.
‘…goes directly to the future and implements backwards planning to create a step by step path to a desirable future’.(Inclusion Press, 2008).
These tools were developed by Jack Pearpoint, Marsha Forest and John O’Brien to help marginalised people be included in society and to enable people to develop a shared vision for the future.
MAP and PATH can be used with individuals and their circle of support, families teams and organisations.
Both MAP and PATH are facilitated by two trained facilitators – one process facilitator who guides people through the stages and ensures that the person is at the centre and one graphic facilitator who develops a graphic record of the conversations taking place in the room.
West Sussex work on Person Centred Planning – lots of great examples of work in schools and across the LA are described here following the training by Inclusive Solutions team over a number of years.
Essential Lifestyle Planning – One Page Planning – Child Centred Reviews
Essential Lifestyle Planning is a method of planning that was developed by Michael Smull and Susan Burke-Harrison to support people who were moving out of institutions into their communities to ensure that learning about what is important to people and what support they need was captured and used.
An essential lifestyle plan focuses on what is important to someone now and balancing this with things that we need to know or do to keep the person healthy, happy and safe. An essential lifestyle plan should always have a action plan and it is vital that the plan changes and grows as the person is – it is a living document.
One Page Profiles, Person Centred Thinking and Living Descriptions
Essential Lifestyle Planning is slowing being replaced with one page profiles and living descriptions on the premise that makes sense to start small and build on our learning. Many of the same tools are used – these tools are called the person centred thinking tools.
Check out Babu’s excellent one page profile – featured in our latest book ‘Keys to Inclusion’.
Woking – Surrey
MAP for the development of South West Surrey Educational Psychology Team – facilitated by Colin and Elliot Newton of Inclusive Solutions.
Listen to the great feedback…
School Improvement PATHs
“Person Centred Planning really works”Sharon Gray – Teacher of the Year 2014
Schools really value school improvement processes that involve all members of staff. The PATH process is ideal for this kind of work and not only supports collective planning but also has a powerful team building impact. Call Inclusive Solutions to talk though your school’s situation and we will come along and facilitate either a half full day with your full team – including staff, pupils, admin staff, midday supervisors, site manager and governors. We have evidence that this way of working brings whole school change and can accelerate progress towards being an outstanding in OFSTED’s terms or outstanding in being a truly great inclusive school!
Netherfield Primary School – Inclusive Solutions PATH
PATH for Netherfield Primary School 2nd September 2014 – an Outstanding School run by ITV ‘pride of Britain’awarded ‘Teacher of the Year’ – Sharon Gray
Netherfield Primary an OFSTED rated ‘Outstanding School – “We dare to dream…”
Three years of Inclusive Solutions facilitating the PATH process with this really inclusive school has contributed to the school’s development which was endorsed by OFSTED as outstanding in July 2013.
‘It is crucial when developing the Netherfield vision that all stakeholders are authentically involved – that is children, families, staff, Governors, partners who support the school and all staff. The PATH – Planning Alternative Tomorrows with Hope – is a creative way of enabling all voices to be heard, recorded, ideas shared, dreams developed and then identifying positive and possible priorities. Together the entire group start to plan out the small steps to ensure our 5 key priorities will be achieved. Throughout this process it is clear that everyone develops ownership of the vision, is aware of their responsibility and indeed accountability. The vision is then displayed in a prominent place enabling everyone to physically and metaphorically touch the vision on a daily basis. Each year we share previous PATHs, allowing all stakeholders to walk the PATH of school improvement since September 2009. We find this a powerful way of planning and ensuring we achieve.’
Cheigeley School – Warrington
PATH with whole staff team facilitated by Colin and Elliot Newton
Trent Vale School, Nottingham
Jackie Moss Headteacher Trent Vale School, Rylands, Beeston, Nottinghamshire, describes two sessions of visioning with Inclusive Solutions. Pupils and Parents – Staff and Governors – culminating in a ‘compare and contrast’ session. Two Governors reflect on these powerful processes and directions for change.
A very experienced Secondary Academy School Governor says it all….
‘We do lots of School Improvement planning and team building using person centred processes. We often use the PATH process and involve staff, pupils, parents, Governors, midday staff and so on.’
All you need to know about Visual Thinking…
7 Steps To Drawing Almost Anything
Training on Person Centred Planning can be provided as introductory workshops or full days or much more in depth over a number of sessions.
We can join with you and your organisation to lead visioning, personal or organisational futures planning using tools such as MAPS or PATH around an individual person or a team searching for consensus and direction.
Inclusive Solutions can model and coach the use of a range of person centered planning processes with children, young people and adults, in collaboration with families and friends. We have and still are working with a number of education teams developing skills in the use ofMAPS and PATH.
These tools can replace reviews and transitional planning processes for many young people with high support needs and can break in to destructive cycles of blame and exclusion around young people labelled as ‘trouble’.
Walsall Disabled Young People
Read this reportas an example of the Person Centred work we have facilitated.
We facilitated three Transition Consultation Events held in Walsall with disabled young people and practitioners which involved the Mayor of Walsall and Senior Officers.
‘We think you will agree that the project was a huge success and thank you to everyone who made this possible’Julie Hykin and Carrie James, Case Managers for Health Transition, Walsall CDC
The focus of this work can include:
- children with challenging behaviour
- children with disabilities in transition
- teams planning their future
- schools visioning
- councillors clarifying their vison
- LEA Teams planning ahead
- schools in special measures
- Education Action Zone planning
- and many more possibilities…
We actively work to include children and young people in problem solving and planning processes. Pictures, key words, and graphics help support our workWe have been busy this year facilitating PATHs and MAPS around the UK, for all kinds of reasons. Abbie’s MAP: Colin joined Marnie a Staffordshire EP to carry out a MAP with staff and family at the mainstream secondary school that Abbie wishes to go in September where her brother already attends. This was a strategically very important meeting for inclusive secondary education in Staffordshire.
Click here to find out more about our training.
In the UK we need to find much more person centred approaches to annual reviews, transition reviews, and all the rest! Our planning too needs to reflect our wish to respectfully involve the student in meaningful ways. Our Individual Education Planning (IEPs) could be so much more person centred and child friendly, both in process and actual plan produced. Check out this completely different but very powerful Individual Education Plan:
This excellent booklet has been written by a young person from Scotland with help from those who know him best, starting with his family.
Essential Lifestyle Planning has informed many of the questions posed in Stephen’s book. Radically change your IEP and review work today!!
Another fine example was created by Joe and his family and friends just before secondary transfer. It has already proved invaluable.
Circle of Adults and Solution Circles are two excellent approaches to person centred planning and problem solving which we are able to use with your team on request.Both processes can be learned and are powerful ways of supporting inclusion.
30 minute Creative Problem Solving Process designed by Marsha Forest and Jack Pearpoint for getting unstuck… ideal for busy people! This is a short and powerful tool that takes no more than a half hour. It is effective in getting “unstuck” from a problem in life or work. Solution Circles are tools of “community capacity”.It assumes and demonstrates that nearby people – in any community or work place have the capacity to help – if asked. It requires a person to ASK – not an easy thing in our culture of privacy and “do it alone”. This tool puts all the values we espouse into practice and demonstrates that TOGETHER WE’RE BETTER!
Circles of Adults
Using both process and graphic facilitation the group is guided through a set of key questions to reach a shared and deeper understanding of the young person’s challenging behaviours, unmet emotional needs and to develop fresh strategies to support change.
Insights and Solution Circles – is an approach which sits between the two approaches to problem solving. All of these ways of working can be brought to you…
Person centred planning is a way of expressing a set of inclusive values through a unique range of tools and techniques. The most commonly used person centred tools – MAPS and PATH – create a hands-on demonstration of these values in action. All person centred planning tools and processes are driven by a commitment to achieve inclusive outcomes for the person whose plan it is, and the young people involved are always present throughout their Planning session. The focus of all person centred approaches is the whole person – irrespective of the label they carry. Two people – a process facilitator and a graphic facilitator, typically facilitate plans. The role of the support service staff in this work is as a facilitator – not as an expert participant, problem solver, assessor or provider of consultation. MAPS and PATH are especially effective tools in planning transitions and annual review processes for young people with additional support needs and for through-care planning for young people who are looked after or accommodated.
‘Visual and auditory aids were particularly interesting’
‘Being able to share views and opinions on what it means to run an inclusive provision/setting’
‘Reflecting on the meaning of inclusion, I was able to visualize the past and the focus of future work’
‘I have learnt a lot about people, team work, friendship, and kindness and strength together’
Thanks again!! ‘Extremely inspiring’!
- Person centred planning and support services for young people with complex needs
- Creating community circles
- Educational psychologists and person centred planning
- Visioning in the early years
- Person centred approaches in schools
- Extreme person centred thinking
- Person centred planning using PATH and MAPS
- Graphic facilitation an introduction
“Thanks for enabling me to become an ardent MAP seeker and a fellow PATH finder in our soul searching journey towards inclusion. Thanks for keeping our dreams alive and reminding us that we are never too old enough to set a new goal or to dream a new dream… believing and doing is the brush that converts our dreams into a masterpiece of reality.”Parent
Person Centred Planning Links
Email – firstname.lastname@example.org to request a free handout on Person Centred Planning